Stellar

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Stellar (XLM)
Stellar-rocket.jpg
Founded 2014
Headquarters San Francisco, CA
Key People Jed McCaleb (Co-Founder, CTO)
Employees 15-20
Products Stellar Platform, XLM
Twitter @StellarOrg
LinkedIn Profile
Facebook stellarfoundation
Website Stellar.org
Blog Stellar Blog

Stellar (XLM) is a global financial platform based on distributed ledger technology. It is a protocol created to help develop a decentralized global financial system, similar to Ripple. Its digital currency are called "Lumens."[1][2]

Background

Stellar was created in 2014 by the Stellar Development Foundation.[3] Among its founders was Jed McCaleb, the creator of the now-defunct bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox, as well as a co-founder of Ripple.[4] According to Stellar's white paper, it was created to address the need for a "financial infrastructure that supports the kind of organic growth and innovation we’ve seen from the Internet, yet still ensures the integrity of financial transactions."

Airdrop

Promoting both itself as well as Stellar, Blockchain.com announced on November 6, 2018 that it would airdrop $125 million worth of XLM over a six month period by depositing about $25 worth of XLM into each new Blockchain customer's wallet and otherwise distributing any remaining Stellar (XLM) to current customers. The airdrop started on November 11, 2018. The price of XLM rose about 10 percent after the announcement and maintained the price gain for at least the 24 hours after the airdrop began.[5] Blockchain.com said in an official blog post that it was the largest airdrop ever.[6]

Overview

Stellar is working directly with IBM on a blockchain-powered project called Hyperledger Fabric, which aims to use distributed ledger technology to create a streamlined, cross-border payment system.[7]

Unlike bitcoin, which uses a proof-of-work system to verify transactions made on its blockchain, Stellar uses a system that does not rely on a closed network of nodes. Instead, it uses a model called FBA (federated Byzantine agreement), which uses a meta-system to verify transactions and maintain the integrity of the network's trustworthiness. This is accomplished by having each user within the system establish his or her own set of preferred users, watching them to ensure they verify the transaction first before the user verifies it.[8]

In July 2018, Stellar surpassed Litecoin in market cap, making it the 6th largest cryptocurrency.[9][10] Litecoin's creator Charlie Lee tweeted this message in response to the news.

Cross-border trade

The Stellar Development Foundation's stated goals are primarily to take advantage of distributed ledger technology to help foster economic growth worldwide. It seeks to do so by lowering the cost of small transactions, or micropayments, as well as decreasing the costs for individual users making payments to users in other countries. It also seeks to improve the capabilities of mobile technology to perform fast, low-cost money transfers, and stimulate the growth of small business worldwide, all in compliance with international law.[11] To that end, Stellar has partnered with numerous companies and services including the U.K.-based consulting firm Deloitte and, as of May 2018, American Express.[12][13]

The Stellar Development Foundation plans to use the Stellar protocol and lumens to provide a basis for interoperability between various financial systems, including banks. Its service provides multi-currency transactions, which are designed to be as efficient as possible regardless of varying values between fiat and cryptocurrencies.

Basically, it is built into the programming of the Stellar protocol that if the payee wants to be paid in a different currency than what the payer is sending, Stellar converts that currency to the desired currency at the same time that it sends the payer's value to the payee. Normally this would be done over the course of days or weeks while financial institutions talk to each other to verify the transaction.

For example: if an American user wanted to pay someone in Stuttgart from their American Express account using Stellar, AMEX would have to clear things up with whatever bank or credit institution the German user wanted to use to receive the payment, in order to verify the transaction and convert it to euros. This process usually takes several days. Stellar is designed to do all that automatically in a couple of minutes.[14][15] Thus, this transaction occurs between the U.S. user and the German user with the ease and speed of sending an email.

Stellar is designed so that these transactions are also quite cheap, costing a fraction of a cent each.[16][17]

Private companies and financial institutions in several countries, especially underbanked regions in Africa, India, the Philippines, and some Southeast Asian countries, have begun using the Stellar network. India's ICICI Bank, for example, is partnering with Stellar in order to allow users to send faster, more secure transactions with lower fees than was previously possible.[18][19]

Mobile transactions

Numerous companies around the world are integrating with Stellar in order to enable users to perform transactions, including cross-border transactions, using mobile phones. Coins.ph, a leading mobile financial services provider in Southeast Asia, as well as the multinational African fintech company Flutterwave, have both integrated with Stellar in order to give their users the ability to make fast, cheap, legally-compliant payments across national borders using mobile phones.[20]

John Lothian News

Stellar was highlighted in a recap of Consensus 2018 by JLN contributing editor Chuck Mackie. You can read the article here.

References