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Founded 2018
Headquarters Atlanta, GA
Key People Kelly Loeffler, CEO; Adam White, COO; Mike Blandina, Chief Product Officer
Employees 51-200
Products Bakkt platform
Twitter @Bakkt
LinkedIn Profile
Facebook bakktapp
Website Bakkt Home
Blog Bakkt Blog

According to the company, Bakkt is a global, regulated ecosystem for digital assets created by Intercontinental Exchange (ICE).[1] Its formation was announced by ICE on August 3, 2018.[2]

With a planned focus on facilitating retail and business cryptocurrency transactions, Bakkt originally announced that it would launch deliverable futures trading in November 2018.[3] In a company blog post dated November 20, 2018, however, the company said that the launch of futures trading was delayed until January 24, 2019, as Bakkt continued to work with the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission to gain its approval.[4] According to a Wall Street Journal article in March 2019, Bakkt, whose operations were held in abeyance at the time, lacked CFTC approval for its plans to handle customer funds, including those denominated in cryptocurrencies.[5]

Bakkt announced its five-member board of directors on March 29, 2019. The members include Akshay Naheta, managing partner at Softbank, Sean Collins, managing partner at Goldfinch Partners, Kelly Loeffler, Bakkt's CEO, Jeff Sprecher, ICE CEO and chairman, and Tom Noonan, member of the ICE board of Directors who will also serve as chairman of the Bakkt board.[6]


Bakkt is a bitcoin-based cryptocurrency retail payment platform developed by ICE. Bakkt initially planned on launching in November 2018. Pending approval from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the company also planned on offering physical bitcoin futures contracts on release.[7] Bakkt will also offer "warm" wallet insurance for its customers, as well as, potentially, 401(k) and IRAs based on bitcoin.[8][9]

Additionally, representatives of Bakkt said it will provide users with the ability to use bitcoin to pay for retail goods and services, such as Starbucks coffee and Microsoft products. The infrastructure of Bakkt was developed based on Microsoft's cloud technology.[10][11]

In April 2019, Bakkt announced that it had hired former PayPal and Google executive Mike Blandina as Chief Product Officer.[12]

In May 2019, ICE CEO Jeffrey Sprecher said that the significant price decrease of bitcoin in late 2018, or "crypto winter," had actually benefitted Bakkt's development; according to Sprecher, the price decline allowed the company to buy bitcoin at lower prices than projected, which helped take "some of the heat off of the timetable to launch."[13]

In June 2019, Bakkt announced that it had brought on Chris Petersen, a former payments product strategist from Google, to help the firm launch its mobile app-based wallet, dubbed Bakkt Pay.[14]

Rosenthal Collins Group Acquisition

In January 2019, Bakkt announced that the company had acquired the assets of Rosenthal Collins Group LLC, a futures commissions merchant that had been in business for over a century. Bakkt CEO Kelly Loeffler said that the acquisition was seen by members of the Bakkt project as an "opportunity." Bakkt acquired many of Rosenthal Collins' back office staff, including compliance, treasury, and risk management specialists.[15]

Fake Bakkt Investment Scam

In February 2019, an unidentified individual began sending emails in broken English, trying to attract potential investors for a second round of investments. The emails instructed their recipients to register their names and email addresses at, then provide a wallet address and send funds to a bitcoin address provided in a separate email. Representatives from ICE confirmed to Coindesk that this website is fake, and the person sending the emails is not affiliated with ICE or Bakkt.[16]

Products and Services

Bitcoin retail payments

In its initial statements Bakkt said that it will primarily function as a payment platform. The company said that it had has been working with retailers such as Starbucks to enable customers to make low-volume transactions using bitcoin.

Bitcoin futures

Bakkt will allow users to engage in cryptocurrency trading through bitcoin futures contracts. On June 13, 2019, chief operating officer Adam White announced in a blog post that Bakkt would initiate user acceptance testing on July 22 for its upcoming monthly and one-day futures contracts. The deliverable contracts will be for one bitcoin. A launch date for trading futures was not disclosed.[17]

Bitcoin 401(k) and IRAs

The company plans on offering customers the ability to open 401(k) and IRAs using bitcoin.[18]

Warm wallet insurance

In addition to offering warm wallets for users to store their bitcoins, the company plans to offer insurance as well, should their wallets get hacked.


The company's custodial service, Bakkt Warehouse, is a qualified digital asset custodian. It began accepting customer deposits and withdrawals of bitcoin on September 6, 2019, as announced on August 28.[19]


In August 2018, ICE announced that they had begun creating a new company called Bakkt, which would aim to provide a federally-regulated market for bitcoin and other digital assets.[20] The company has said that it was working with a group of organizations including Boston Consulting Group, Microsoft, and Starbucks, to create an integrated platform that enables consumers and institutions to buy, sell, store and spend bitcoin on a global network.[21]

In October 2018, Adam White, the "fifth employee" of Coinbase, announced he was leaving the company. Less than a week later, it was announced that White would be serving as the COO of Bakkt.[22]

The launch date for the Bakkt Bitcoin Daily Futures Contract was originally set for December 12, 2018. In November 2018, ICE announced that the launch of Bakkt would be delayed so that the company could secure "warm wallet insurance" for Bakkt's infrastructure.[23] According to Bakkt CEO Kelly Loeffler, the company also hopes to help develop the cryptocurrency market infrastructure by building Bakkt off of existing futures market practices. Loeffler said that ICE intends to design Bakkt to function as a regulated futures market, rather than an unregulated cryptocurrency exchange.[24]

In March 2019, the Wall Street Journal reported that Bakkt's launch would be delayed further due to disagreements with the CFTC on how to regulate the platform. The discussion includes possible alternative ways for Bakkt to settle its bitcoin futures contracts in a way that will be regulatable under existing laws. An ICE spokesperson said that ICE was "working through the regulatory review process, and are looking forward to updating the market soon."[25] Around the same time in March, ICE announced that its valuation had reached $740 million following a Series A funding round in which it raised $180 million in 2018.[26][27] The investors included ICE, Boston Consulting Group, Galaxy Digital, Goldfinch Partners, Alan Howard, Horizons Ventures, and Pantera Capital.[28]

According to a document provided to ICE's technology and operations group and leaked to the press in July 2019, ICE was planning a third-quarter launch of trading in its daily and monthly deliverable bitcoin futures contracts. Approvals for its clearing arrangements from the CFTC and the New York State Department of Finance were still pending at the time that the document became public.[29]

On August 16, 2019, Loeffler announced on Bakkt's blog that Bakkt's physically-delivered bitcoin futures and custody services would launch on September 23, 2019.[30] On September 6, 2019, Bakkt's custody service, Bakkt Warehouse, began accepting customer deposits and withdrawals of bitcoin.[31]

Key People


  1. Blog. Bakkt.
  2. Intercontinental Exchange Announces Bakkt, a Global Platform and Ecosystem for Digital Assets. Business Wire.
  3. New Starbucks partnership with Microsoft allows customers to pay for Frappuccinos with bitcoin. CNBC.
  4. Launch update + reader FAQs. Bakkt.
  5. Bitcoin Futures Launch Hits Regulatory Snag. The Wall Street Journal.
  6. Bakkt Taps Former IBM and Cisco Exec Tom Noonan to Chair Its Board. CoinDesk.
  7. Intercontinental Exchange Announces Bakkt, a Global Platform and Ecosystem for Digital Assets. Business Wire.
  8. ICE Postpones Bakkt's Bitcoin Futures Launch To January 2019. Forbes.
  9. The NYSE's Owner Wants to Bring Bitcoin to Your 401(k). Are Crypto Credit Cards Next?. Fortune.
  10. Buying Your Starbucks Fix With Bitcoin Is Now Closer to Reality. Bloomberg.
  11. Bitcoin could come to your retirement account, thanks to Starbucks' crypto venture: Investor Brian Kelly. CNBC.
  12. Fraud Alert: Fake Bakkt Website is Seeking Funds. The Block.
  13. NYSE-owner ICE cool with crypto 'winter' as profits climb. Reuters.
  14. Bakkt brings on Google payments expert as it builds its consumer app for spending cryptocurrency. Bakkt.
  15. Bakkt's New Acquisition Will Speed Its Plan to Streamline Consumer Payments. Fortune.
  16. Fraud Alert: Fake Bakkt Website is Seeking Funds. Fortune.
  17. Bakkt Reveals Bitcoin Futures Contract Details Ahead of July Test Date. CoinDesk.
  18. The NYSE's Owner Wants to Bring Bitcoin to Your 401(k). Are Crypto Credit Cards Next?. Fortune.
  19. Bakkt Warehouse Launches Deposits and Withdrawals as Planned. Cointelegraph.
  20. NYSE-owner ICE to form new company for digital assets. Reuters.
  21. The NYSE's Owner Wants to Bring Bitcoin to Your 401(k). Are Crypto Credit Cards Next?. Fortune.
  22. Coinbase’s Adam White is joining Bakkt as its COO. The Block.
  23. ICE Postpones Bakkt's Bitcoin Futures Launch To January 2019. Forbes.
  24. Bakkt CEO explains how it will build on existing futures infrastructure. Crypto News Review.
  25. Bitcoin Futures Launch Hits Regulatory Snag. The Wall Street Journal.
  26. Bakkt Gets $740 Million Valuation But Investors Have Questions, Sources Reveal. Cointelegraph.
  27. Bakkt raises Series A at valuation topping $700 million. The Block.
  28. NYSE Operator’s Crypto Platform Bakkt Completes $182.5 Million Funding Round. Cointelegraph.
  29. Bakkt Reportedly Plans to Launch Bitcoin Futures Exchange in Q3. Altcoin Buzz.
  30. Cleared to Launch. Bakkt Blog.
  31. Bakkt Warehouse Launches Deposits and Withdrawals as Planned. Cointelegraph.